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Can Drug Use Cause Psychosis?

Can Drug Use Cause Psychosis?Psychosis is a mental health disorder characterized by loss of contact with reality. This results in delusions and hallucinations in San Diego residents. Usually based on unfounded fears and suspicions, delusions are false beliefs of what is happening or of one’ s identity. Hallucinations occur when one sees, hears, feels, smells or tastes things that are not actually there. Other symptoms of psychosis include incoherent speech, confused thinking, strange behavior, mood swings and personality changes. Individuals in psychotic states can be a danger to themselves and others, and drug use can cause, exacerbate or precipitate psychosis.

Causes of Psychosis in San Diego Residents

Psychosis can be caused by the following:

  • Alcohol and drug use or withdrawal
  • Brain diseases
  • Brain tumors
  • Infections that affect the brain
  • Strokes
  • Mental health disorders

Psychosis can be the result of inherited traits, environmental issues or an imbalance of chemicals in the brain.

Drug Use as a Cause of Psychosis

Drug use can cause chemicals in the brain to become unbalanced, and this can cause delusions and hallucinations. Drug use can cause psychosis, exacerbate pre-existing psychosis or hasten the onset of psychosis in people who would become psychotic later. It can be difficult to determine if drug use is the cause of psychosis or simply a trigger of psychosis. Users can experience psychosis while intoxicated or during the withdrawal period of drug use. The following are some of the many drugs that can cause psychosis in San Diego residents:

  • Alcohol
  • Sedatives
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Cocaine
  • Marijuana
  • Stimulants
  • Hallucinogens
  • Amphetamines
  • Opioids
  • Hypnotics

The symptoms of psychosis vary depending on the substance. The speed of onset of psychosis also depends on the substance. While alcohol can cause psychosis after weeks of abuse, cocaine use can cause psychosis within minutes.

Long-Term Effects of Drug-Induced Psychosis

When psychosis is caused by drug use, it is called drug-induced psychosis. The effects of drug-induced psychosis are usually temporary and reversible and typically end when the substance is no longer in the user’s system. However in some cases the effects of drug-induced psychosis may persist even after the drug is no longer present. When cocaine or methamphetamines are the cause of psychosis, the effects may not subside even after the drug is no longer in the user’s system. When drug use does not cause psychosis but instead exacerbates a pre-existing condition, the effects may be more severe and last after drug use has stopped. Early identification and treatment of psychosis can prevent some symptoms in San Diego residents. Treatment typically includes psychotherapy and antipsychotic medications which do not cure psychosis but do mange symptoms. In severe cases treatment can also include hospitalization.

Need Help Finding Treatment Centers for Drug Addiction or Drug-Induced Psychosis?

If you or a loved one is suffering from drug addiction or related mental health concern, there is help available. We are here 24 hours a day to offer you more information about psychosis, how drug use can cause psychosis and treatment options for co-occurring addiction and mental health issues. Please call our toll-free helpline today.